72-Hour Emergency Kit: Checklist #2

Checklist #2: Clothing

It is important to include a change of clothing (and underwear) in your kits. You never know if it’s going to rain on you or you get caught in a flood or you just get dirty. A change of clothes is good hygiene as well.  You will want to include loose fitting clothing that is comfortable and easy to get around or work in.

  1. Long pants
  2. Long-sleeved shirt – Good for all seasons; blocks sun in summer, keeps you warm in winter.
  3. Undergarments
  4. Warm socks – I included more than one pair, wet socks are the worst.
  5. Jacket or Coat
  6. Hat, Gloves, Scarf – For warmth, mittens are better than gloves. Also include a pair of work gloves.
  7. Raincoat or Poncho
  8. Sturdy shoes or work boots – I tie my hiking boots to the outside of my backpack, they are accessible if I still want to use them.
  9. Warm blankets (wool-blend) and Emergency reflective blankets
  10. Cloth Sheet
  11. Plastic Sheet – This is for chemical hazards. I bought a 9ft x 12ft plastic drop cloth (what painters use) for less than $2. I also considered buying a clear plastic shower curtain.
  12. Sunglasses

How To Safely Store Water

Storing water as part of your emergency kit is essential. It is also important to include water into your home food storage.

So how does one properly store water?

First of all, you need to know how much water you need to store. According to FEMA
you should store at least one gallon of water per person per day in your emergency kits.
Some things to take into consideration are:

  1. Age, physical condition, level of activity, diet, and climate can all affect how much water is needed.
  2. Children, nursing mothers, and ill people need more water.
  3. More water is needed in very hot temperatures.
  4. Medical emergencies require more water.

One suggestion is to store water purification tablets along with the recommended amount of water.

Now on to storing water…

Choosing how you store:
The safest and most reliable supply of water is buying bottled water from the store. I have found that my local dollar store, The Dollar Tree, sells 1 liter and 1 gallon bottles for $1 or less.
The benefit to buying bottled water is you can observe the “use by” date.

Your second option is to purchase food-grade, water storage containers. These can be found at surplus or camping stores, or of course, on the internet!

You may also choose to use two-liter soda bottles. DO NOT use milk jugs, juice bottles, cardboard containers, or glass containers. Milk protein and fruit sugars can not be thoroughly removed from such containers and contaminate your water and provide an environment for bacterial growth. Cardboard containers are not designed for long-term storage and can leak. Glass containers can break and are heavy.

Preparing your bottles:
If you are using soda bottles or water containers, instead of commercially bottled water, you will need to clean your containers thoroughly with dish washing soap and rinse well.

Sanitize your bottles by mixing 1 teaspoon of non-scented household bleach to 1 quart of water. Put on the lid and shake the solution around in the bottle. Empty bottle and thoroughly rinse out with water.

Filling your bottles:
If your tap water comes from a water utility that has been commercially treated with chlorine (most city tap water) all you need to do is fill your bottles with your tap water.

If your water comes from a well or water source that is not treated with chlorine,fill your bottles with your water and add two drops of non-scented household bleach to your water.

Tightly close your bottle with the original cap, being careful not to contaminate the inside of the lid by touching it.

Write the date you bottled your water on the bottle and store in a cool, dark place.
Your water should be changed every 6 months, unless using commercially bottled water.

72-Hour Emergency Kit: Checklist #1

Checklist #1:

  1. Mess kits– This item is optional depending on what kind of food you plan to pack. Canned soups can be eaten out of the can and other foods on our list don’t require dishes. Think of it as a luxury you may want if you have room.
  2. Eating utensils
  3. Nonelectric can opener, utility knife
  4. Portable, battery-operated radio or television
  5. Flashlight
  6. Pliers
  7. Compass
  8. Matches
  9. Waterproof container for matches
  10. Lighter
  11. Aluminum foil/signal mirror
  12. Whistle
  13. 50-foot rope
  14. Needles and thread
  15. Duct Tape

Four of these items (compass, waterproof matches container, signal mirror, whistle) can be found in one item, the Coleman 5-in-1 Survival Whistle.

Check Your 72-Hour Kit For Recalled Items

As we recover from the massive peanut product recalls and begin to consume our beloved peanut products, take a moment to check your 72-Hour / Emergency Preparedness kits for any of the peanut products listed in the recall (don’t forget your pet’s treats).

A full list of recalled peanut products can be found on the Food and Drug Administration’s Web site, http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/peanutbutterrecall/index.cfm.

While you’re at it check your kit (and your home for that matter) for other products that have been recalled www.recalls.gov.

Things You Might Not Think to Store But Should

We all know how important it is to keep a supply of food and water for our families in case of an emergency, but have you thought about all the other items your family will need if you can’t get to the store to buy them? If a record-setting snow storm came barreling through your town and you were to get trapped in your home for a week, maybe even two, would you have everything you need?

A situation similar to this took place in my town. Instead of snow, it was water. My town lies next to a river and mountains. It is expected to have some flooding every year, but every once in a while the flooding will be worse than other years. This year the water raised at least 10 feet, meaning many houses saw flooding. A woman and her husband had done very well building up a food storage, big enough to easily feed themselves for six months. Their house was elevated more than most of the other homes, resulting in many of their friends and family members retreating to the couple’s home for shelter. They obviously had plenty of food to feed their guests, but what they did run out of was basic necessities, one in particular was toilet paper.

Now, you may never run into this situation, but there are other situations to prepare for. With the down economy and shaky job market, many people are struggling with income. If your income came to a halt, wouldn’t it make life much easier knowing you won’t have to choose between shopping for soap and toilet paper or paying your electric bill?

I’ve compiled a list of items that people might not think to keep on hand, but would probably need if they are unable to go shopping for a long period of time. This list is also helpful when making your 72-hour kits. If you had to leave home, what daily items would you need? Remember these are just suggestions, you have to be the one to decide if these items are important enough to store them. Not many people have the room to be able to store year supplies of everything they need, but having just a little extra would probably help you in an emergency.

  • medication
  • vitamins
  • spare eye glasses
  • extra sets of contact lenses and case
  • saline solution
  • toothbrush and toothpaste
  • shampoo, conditioner and body soap (scented soap in 72-hour kits may “flavor” food)
  • baby formula
  • diapers (make sure to rotate use to keep up with your child’s size)
  • toilet paper (for 72-hour kits, remove the center tube to easily fold and put in zip-lock bag)
  • feminine hygiene supplies

For a complete list of recommended supplies in a 72-hour kit click here.

72-Hour Emergency Kits

72-Hour Emergency Kits are designed to help an individual survive for three days during an emergency in which basic needs have been cut off, such as, electricity, water, gas, sewer treatment, and telephones. The kits are also designed for mobility. In case of evacuation, you can grab your kit and go. In situations of local, state, or national emergencies, it could take days for local officials or relief teams to reach you and your family. A 72-hour emergency kit is made up of basic items you may need during an emergency.

Each member in your family (pets too) should have their own kit tailored to their needs. This can seem like an overwhelming task. When I did research there were so many kinds of lists and already-made kits, I didn’t even know where to start.

Well, I’ve made it easy for you. I found many different item lists from different sources and I have combined them into one.

The items on this list are suggested, it is up to you to adjust your kits to the needs of your family members.

Food & Water

Each kit should contain enough food and water for 3 days.

  • Water (1-3 gallons per person. Note: FEMA recommends 3 gallons per person, especially if you live in a warmer climate or have special needs i.e. diet, are a child, nursing mother, or in case of a medical emergency)
  • Water filter or purification tablets (optional, but not necessary, especially if you have 3 gallons of water)
  • Canned foods that don’t need cooking (meats, fruits, vegetables, soups)
  • MRE’s (Meals Ready-to-Eat)
  • Vitamins
  • Granola bars/protein bars
  • Dried fruits/trail mix
  • Crackers/sweetened cereals
  • Hard candy/gum (Note: Jolly Ranchers can melt and mint gum can “flavor” other foods)

First Aid
The following list is taken directly from FEMA.gov. These are the recommended supplies when making your own first-aid kit.

  • Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
  • 2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • Hypoallergenic adhesive tape
  • Triangular bandages (3)
  • 2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Needle
  • Moistened towelettes
  • Antiseptic
  • Thermometer
  • Tongue blades (2)
  • Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
  • Assorted sizes of safety pins
  • Cleansing agent/soap
  • Sunscreen
  • Latex gloves (2 pair)

Non-prescription drugs

  • Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever
  • Anti-diarrhea medication
  • Antacid (for stomach upset)
  • Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)
  • Laxative
  • Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)

Clothing & Bedding
Kits should have at least one change of clothes per person.

  • Long pants
  • Long sleeved shirts
  • Undergarments
  • Warm socks
  • Jacket or coat
  • Hats, gloves, scarf
  • Rain coat/poncho
  • Sturdy shoes or work boots
  • Warm blankets (wool-blend) and Emergency reflective blankets
  • Cloth sheet
  • Sunglasses

Toiletries & Sanitation

  • Toilet paper (remove cardboard tube to fold easily and put in zip-lock)
  • Toothbrush & toothpaste
  • Soap, shampoo, dish soap (scented soap might “flavor” food)
  • Hand sanitizer/disinfectant
  • Feminine hygiene supplies
  • Wash cloths
  • Tissues
  • Lip balm
  • Sunscreen
  • Comb/Hair brush
  • Alcohol wipes or household chlorine bleach
  • Garbage bags & twist-ties

Tools

  • Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils
  • Emergency preparedness manual
  • Portable, battery-operated radio or television and extra batteries
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • Cash or traveler’s checks, change
  • Nonelectric can opener, utility knife
  • Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type
  • Tube tent
  • Pliers
  • Shovel
  • Axe
  • Duct tape
  • Compass
  • Matches in a waterproof container
  • Candles
  • Lighter
  • Aluminum foil/signal mirror
  • Plastic storage containers
  • Signal flare
  • Paper, pencil
  • Permanent marker
  • Needles, thread
  • Medicine dropper
  • Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water
  • Whistle
  • Plastic sheeting
  • 50 ft. rope
  • Map of the area (for locating shelters)

Special Items

For Baby

  • Formula
  • Diapers
  • Bottles
  • Pacifiers
  • Powdered milk
  • Medications

For Adults

  • Heart and high blood pressure medication
  • Insulin
  • Prescription drugs
  • Denture needs
  • Contact lenses and supplies
  • Extra eye glasses
  • Hearing-aid batteries

For Pets

  • Dry food or canned food that does not require heating.
  • Water (1 gallon)
  • Sturdy leashes and pet carriers
  • Muzzles for dogs
  • Medicine
  • Non-spill bowls, manual can opener and plastic lid
  • Plastic bags, litter box and litter
  • Recent photo of each pet
  • Names and phone numbers of your emergency contact, emergency veterinary hospitals and animal shelters
  • Copy of your pet’s vaccination history and any medical problems
  • A toy to play with

Important Family Documents

  • Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container.
  • Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds
  • Photo IDs, passports, social security cards, immunization records
  • Photos of each member in your family for identification purposes
  • List of allergies to any drug or food
  • Bank account numbers
  • Credit card account numbers and companies
  • Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers
  • Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)
  • Scriptures
  • Genealogy Records
  • Patriarchal Blessing
  • Photocopies of credit and identification cards


Miscellaneous

  • Cash and coins
  • Prepaid phone cards
  • Entertainment–games and books

Click here to download

Note: Update your 72-hour kits every 6 months to ensure food, water, and medications have not expired. Make sure clothing still fits (especially for children,) update your personal documents and photos, and test batteries.

Resources:
FEMA.gov
ProvidentLiving.com
LDS.About.com
72hours.org